Aesthetics and Arts

Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of art and how people experience it. It developed during the 18th century, when many philosophers categorized disciplines such as music, sculpture, dance and poetry into their own individual groups. They also categorized all arts of this type into one group and called them fine arts.

However, philosophers said that this was not enough to explain beauty. Although beauty has rational characteristics such as proportion, order and symmetry, it is an experience that can be fully understood only in consideration of human feelings such as rage, joy and pleasure.

What Is Art?

Art is one of the deepest and most intense expressions of human creativity. Although defining art is hard, it is even harder to evaluate it. This is because each artist has his or her own rules and perceptions. However, many scholars believe that art is a way of artistic knowledge.

Art can fall into several categories, including:

  • Painting
  • Photography
  • Literature
  • Music
  • Theatre
  • Dance
  • Music
  • Film
  • Sculpture
  • Printmaking
  • Architecture.

Arts and Aesthetics

As mentioned above, art is how different individuals in different classes, ethnic groups and races enlarge their experiences and enlarge the beauty of life in their social groups. Fine arts are arts that were created for aesthetic and intellectual purposes and they are judged for what they express.

To understand better, we can talk about art when an artist produces an exciting or interesting experience or when he or she creates a beautiful piece of work that deserves to be artistically appreciated. 

A work of jewelry or literature can become a fine art if it has aesthetic value. This means that it has to be more than useful; it has to be an expression of beauty. In poetry, the use of metaphor, which is a synthesis of two or more different images, is essential because it is able to enhance our perceptive abilities. 

It is to be noted that there is a strong relationship between arts and aesthetics. We cannot talk about art without taking this branch of philosophy into account. The philosophy of art is considered a synonym to aesthetics by many scholars. However, others do not agree with that and state that there is a significant difference between them.

Since art pertains to the human senses, it is not related or connected with any political or moral purpose; it is created to activate our feelings, tastes, etc. Therefore, in aesthetics, art can be perceived as action or knowledge.